Nigeria is one of the nations in the world with great potential given the vastness of her natural and human resources.
Despite these potential, Nigeria is still ranked among the poorest countries in the world where the citizens are wallowing in extreme poverty.
One of the key components and indices of development in any country is the rate at which such country is able to reduce poverty among the citizens to the barest minimum.
Poverty connotes not having access to basic necessities of life such as food, potable water supply, health care facility, shelter and clothing to mention but a few.
The dearth of good things of life makes people compromise and abandon moral values, a situation which has made some people to engage in various atrocities ranging from robbery, abduction, kidnapping to ritual killings.
It has created frustration, loss of hope, prospects and value for life, a situation where the rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer.
In Nigeria, various governments had made different attempts to reduce poverty among the citizens and as laudable as these programmes appear,
poverty still remains endemic and pervasive.
Some of the causes of poverty in the country include unemployment, poor governance, corruption, high inflation, and high population growth.
Poverty is manifested in a lot of homes which has necessitated and forced vibrant youths to leave the shores of the country for greener pasture in developed countries.
Realizing the effect of poverty on a Nation and her citizens, the United Nations designated October 17, every year as International Day for the eradication of poverty.
The objective of the day is to promote people’s awareness on the need to eradicate poverty and destitution worldwide, particularly in developing countries and an avenue to bridge the gap between the rich and the poor.
On this day, various Non-governmental organizations and community charities support the day for the eradication of poverty by actively calling on leaders and governments to make the fight against poverty a central part of foreign policy.
This year’s theme is;”coming together with those furthest behind to build an inclusive world of universal respect for human rights and dignity”.
There is a fundamental connection between extreme poverty and human rights, and that, people living in poverty are extremely affected by many human rights abuses and violations.
One of the ways to build an inclusive world is to raise the standard of education especially in public schools to a level where children of the rich find public schools attractive.
Importantly, government at all levels should provide equal and affordable job opportunities for all, when people are gainfully employed, social vices and poverty will be reduced.
Also, if substantial poverty reduction is to be achieved, important values such as honesty, selfless service, hard work, integrity, patriotism, respect for others, trustworthiness, accountability,transparency, should be inculcated in the citizens.
Government should provide enabling environment for businesses to thrive, as this will increase revenue generation and attract investors.
Above all, politicians should make selfless service their watch word to help reduce poverty at all cost instead of amassing wealth at the detriment of the masses.